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          非洲可再生能源發展前景廣闊

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          A big United Nations climate report brought attention to Africa's potential for renewable kinds of energy production.

          一份大規模的聯合國氣候報告引起了人們對非洲可再生能源生產潛力的關注。

          The report said renewable energy projects could reduce the effects of global warming and support Africa's economic development.

          該報告稱,可再生能源項目可以減少全球變暖的影響,支持非洲的經濟發展。

          The U.N.'s most recent Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change report comes at a time when Africa's renewable energy business is already increasing.

          聯合國政府間氣候變化專門委員會的最新報告發布之際,非洲的可再生能源業務已經在增加。

          Many African nations are increasing efforts to use more renewable energy such as solar and wind energy.

          許多非洲國家正在努力使用更多的可再生能源,如太陽能和風能。

          They are moving away from dependence on fossil fuels, such as oil, coal and natural gas.

          他們正在擺脫對石油、煤炭和天然氣等化石燃料的依賴。

          Countries such as Kenya, Tanzania, Morocco, Egypt, Ethiopia and South Africa are reportedly taking the lead in clean energy use.

          據報道,肯尼亞、坦桑尼亞、摩洛哥、埃及、埃塞俄比亞和南非等國在清潔能源使用方面處于領先地位。

          However, Africa has received just two percent--$60 billion--of the $2.8 trillion invested in renewable energy worldwide in the last 20 years.

          然而,在過去20年里,在全球2.8萬億美元的可再生能源投資中,非洲只獲得了2%——600億美元。

          It also accounts for only three percent of the world's current renewable energy capacity.

          它也只占目前世界可再生能源產能的3%。

          More renewable energy programs, such as Kenya's Lake Turkana Wind Power, launched in 2019, are needed.

          需要更多的可再生能源項目,比如肯尼亞于2019年啟動的圖爾卡納湖風力發電項目。

          That project is estimated to make up 18 percent of the country's energy production.

          據估計,該項目將占該國能源產量的18%。

          The company's chief, Phylip Leferink, said large projects like these can be copied, but difficulties remain.

          該公司首席執行官菲利普·勒費林克表示,像這樣的大型項目是可以復制的,但困難依然存在。

          Solar power that is not connected to power lines is also providing Kenyans with energy.

          沒有連接到輸電線的太陽能也為肯尼亞人提供了能源。

          In Nakuru county, 167 kilometers northwest of Nairobi, James Kariuki signed up for M-Kopa solar power.

          在內羅畢西北167公里的納庫魯縣,詹姆斯·卡留基簽署了M-Kopa公司的太陽能發電合同。

          It is a program requiring regular payments for solar electricity that is produced at his home.

          這是一個要求為他家生產的太陽能電力定期付費的項目。

          Kariuki said the use of solar power has helped his family make "considerable savings."

          卡留基說,太陽能的使用幫助他家省下了“一大筆錢”。

          He said, "Hospital bills for my family have gone down and we now have internet and watch international sports in my home."

          他說:“我們家的醫藥費下降了,我們現在可以在家上網和看國際體育比賽?!?/p>

          Since 2012, M-Kopa has provided services to over 225,000 homes in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania using solar power not connected to power lines.

          自2012年以來,M-Kopa公司已使用未連接到電線的太陽能為肯尼亞、烏干達和坦桑尼亞的22.5萬多戶家庭提供服務。

          Kenya has also been expanding its geothermal and bioenergy use for several years.

          幾年來,肯尼亞也一直在擴大其地熱和生物能源的使用。

          These projects are a step in the right direction, said report writer and energy expert Yamina Saheb.

          報告作者兼能源專家亞米娜·薩希布表示,這些項目是朝著正確方向邁出的一步。

          Saheb spoke to the Associated Press.

          薩希布接受了美聯社的采訪。

          She said all of Africa could use solar electric energy and solar heat energy.

          她說,整個非洲都可以使用太陽能電能和太陽能熱能。

          And some countries could use wind energy.

          一些國家可以使用風能。

          Solar energy projects such as the Noor Ouarzazate solar complex in Morocco, Benban solar park in Egypt and South Africa's Redstone solar park have appeared across Africa.

          摩洛哥的努奧瓦爾扎扎特光熱發電綜合體、埃及的本班太陽能園和南非的紅石太陽能園等太陽能項目已經出現在非洲各地。

          The report said Africa has a world-leading potential for solar power projects.

          該報告稱,非洲在太陽能項目上擁有世界領先的潛力。

          It said Africa has a solar electricity potential of up to 7900 gigawatts.

          報告稱,非洲的太陽能發電潛力高達7900吉瓦。

          Plans are also underway to explore geothermal energy in the East Africa's Great Rift Valley system.

          在東非大裂谷系統開發地熱能的計劃也在進行中。

          Other African nations, such as Angola, Sudan and Zambia, are investing in wind and hydropower from big dams.

          安哥拉、蘇丹和贊比亞等其他非洲國家也在投資于大型水壩上的風能和水電項目。

          A change to clean energy is also "economically attractive" in some situations, the IPCC report said.

          聯合國政府間氣候變化專門委員會的報告稱,在某些情況下,轉向清潔能源也具有“經濟吸引力”。

          The U.N. estimates that Africa's increased use of renewable energy will create more than 12 million new jobs.

          聯合國估計,非洲增加使用可再生能源將會創造超過1200萬個新的就業機會。

          China remains the largest lender for Africa's renewable energy projects.

          中國仍然是非洲可再生能源項目的最大貸方。

          Other major lenders include the African Development Bank, the World Bank and the Green Climate Fund.

          其他主要貸方包括非洲開發銀行、世界銀行和綠色氣候基金。

          I'm John Russell.

          約翰·拉塞爾為您播報。

          譯文為可可英語翻譯,未經授權請勿轉載!

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